All told, the net benefit of being assigned to the Oxford House condition versus usual care was $29,000 per person during the 2-year study. Residents may first move into homes with high levels of support and then transition to homes with lower levels of support. A 2006 study published in the American Journal of Public Health found that most Oxford House residents stayed more than a year, but some residents stayed more than three years. If the house provides transportation, residents will meet at a set time to attend school, work or outpatient treatment. In other homes, counselors or case managers visit on a regular basis to provide in-home services. Former residents and treatment alumni may visit regularly to provide additional guidance and support.
Reports of post-traumatic illnesses and substance abuse among returning veterans suggests that cost effective programs like Oxford House need closer federal attention. Our group has recently received a federal grant to explore this new type of culturally modified recovery home. Oxford House, which began in 1975, is different from the traditional recovery home model. Oxford Houses are self-run and residents can stay as long as they pay their weekly rent, follow the house rules, and remain abstinent from drugs and alcohol.
The Oxford House: Self-run, Self-supported Recovery Homes
Nevertheless, American Indians were no more likely to report more severe substance use, psychological problems, criminal histories, or lower incomes than other groups. In addition, American Indians were more likely to report being on parole or probation and being referred for aftercare by the legal system. Moreover, American Indians reported greater disharmony within their recovery residences than Caucasians, but there were no significant ethnic what is an oxford house differences in length of stay in Oxford House. Less than 4% of our sample with Hispanic, and this led us to examine possible reasons for this under-representation. Alvarez, Jason, Davis, Ferrari, and Olson interviewed nine Hispanic/Latino men and three Hispanic/Latina women living in Oxford House. Only two individuals were familiar with Oxford House prior to entering residential treatment; the others had never heard about the program.
- This allows an individual to focus on establishing a new set of personal values that center around sobriety.
- Many psychologists are involved in the delivery of services to those with substance abuse addictions.
- Aftercare can include many options such as attending Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, coming in once a week to see a therapist, or moving into a recovery home.
- Different halfway houses will have varying degrees of supervision and support.
- Oxford Houses also were more likely than TCs to allow residents to have personal possessions (e.g., pictures, furniture) within the dwelling (Ferrari, Jason, Sasser et al., 2006).
These kinds of programs are also expensive (Schneider & Googins, 1989). We also believe that Oxford Houses and other community-based support system provide social scientists with rich opportunities to explore a vast array of psychological and sociological constructs. Often, a halfway house will have staff present for monitoring and support. This provides a structured environment to support people working to prevent relapse.
A History of the Oxford House organization
Residents usually sign a contract or written agreement outlining all of the rules and regulations of living at the sober living home. Sober living homes are known for strictly enforcing rules, and violations usually result in eviction. Sober living homes usually house only same-sex residents and require residents to complete either a detox program or an inpatient rehab program before moving in.
Findings indicated that there were no significant differences between the crime rates around Oxford Houses and the control houses. These results suggest that well-managed and governed recovery homes pose minimal risks to neighbors in terms of criminal behavior. Results indicated a high sustainability rate (86.9%) during a six year period of time.
What Do Oxford Houses Offer?
Houses that remained open had significantly higher incomes of residents than houses that eventually closed. No other significant differences were found between the two groups of houses, including sense of community among residents, neighborhood or policy characteristics, and house age. It appears that adequate house income seems to be a necessary factor for houses continuing to function over time. The right living environment will depend on an individual’s needs and goals. Be sure to do research and contact any potential living environment with questions for committing to a choice. The more comfortable a person in in their living situation, the better the transition into a healthy lifestyle.
Another rule is that the resident must pay equal share of house expenses. Instead of staff members to supervise and support recovering residents, the group works together to encourage and support each other’s sobriety. In Pennsylvania, licensed halfway houses follow particular rules and systems approved by the state’s Department of Drug and Alcohol programs. These houses are even more problematic because it is almost impossible for providers to determine the health of the house.